My thirteenth film roll

This is the first time I use a BW (black and white) film. I didn’t buy this one locally, but I got it shipped from China, buying from AliExpress. It has no name, apparently. The only detail I can get from the shop is : “We have called this Mr Zhu (in honour of our shipping partner in HK) we have no idea of the film, or anything. There is some branding on, but unable to verify it. I would assume small scale production somewhere (could be stock from China, or at least finished in China), but that’s all I can say.” Well, I will have to find out then.

Having taken photo for over 10 years (11 years to be exact), I had never taken a BW photo straight out of camera until using this negative roll. I usually use my DSLR and take only colour photos and I have never (or rarely) post-processed it to monochrome (single color = BW). I have recently converted one of my digital colour self-portrait into a BW photo and it looks like this.

Self-portrait post-processed into BW

After receiving the files sent by the developer (@WE Film Lab), I spend time looking back and forth as these photos. They are real, I mean they aren’t post-processed, they are simply black and white. I feel kinda perplexed and excited at the same time; I just don’t have any proper words to describe it. For your clarification, not having any proper words to describe it doesn’t mean the photos are too good; I simply have such a feeling of “uncertainty”. The following are a selective of BW photos chosen from this roll:

The portrait and group photo

The Royal University of Fine Arts

The National Museum


After the first experiment, it turns out that most photos are underexposed. Maybe a second or even up to a third experiment are needed in the future.

Looking forward to more Black and White!

បានផ្សាយ​ក្នុង កំណត់សរសេរ តាម៉ាប់ | បានដាក់ពាក្យ​គន្លឹះ , , , , , | បញ្ចេញមតិ

My twelfth film roll

That was the collection of my color negative film rolls in March. I had two Kodak rolls (I used one as my tenth film roll; the other one is loaded into the camera as of now), one Fujicolor, the Superior XTra 400 which is the subject of this article and a Lomo (you can read about it @LoMoGraPhY) which I won’t be using anytime soon (it was quite expensive, so I keep it for something special; I don’t really know what or when though). As stated in one of my previous post, I have a personal preference of Kodak over Fujicolor, and the reason why I purchased this one is to experiment the differences of tones and grains in each individual color negatives roll.

The mural painting commemorated the 99th anniversary of the creation of the Royal University of Fine Arts painted in 2017. The University was first called “The School of Khmer Arts” in 1917, created in conjunction with the National Museum which still lies to the east of it. It was renamed a university in 1965.

One of the building in the compound of the Royal University of Fine Arts (RUFA) whose room which is in the centre of the frame is used as photography equipment storage. Sadly, no official photography lesson is taught here as of now.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima​ or “peacock tree” in Khmer with it burning red flowers.

The sun, the mountain, the cow and the grass, just a peaceful evening over there.

The ceremonial plaque of the “Win-Win Memorial” and the memorial at the back. The memorial signifies the national reconciliation progress (read more about it @KhmerTimesKH). When I was taking this photo, my exposure meter just stopped working. It didn’t tell me whether this photo was over, well or under exposed. As I needed to take this photo, so I gambled. I raised the shutter speed to 1/500th, switched the aperture to f/8 and gave it a shot (the ISO was 400 constant because of the roll). Well, the result isn’t disappointing at all.

The new stadium, right in front of the memorial, located to the northeast peripheral of the capital is approximately 20 KM from Wat Phnom. If you don’t know why it was built; well Cambodia is going to host the 32nd edition of SEA Games (Southeast Asian Games) in 2023, the first ever Cambodia is going to host. The subject is a little bit too far even taken by a 135 mm lens.

These two are some last exposures from the roll. I was testing to see if I got the focus properly or not, and it turns out that I have made a perfect move. I was about 2.5 metres from the subject at that time. Oh I also want to add something greener to the post!

As my addiction to film photography is growing day by day, I have recently ordered two set of “expired” films. The first one is a set of five, yet only three different types of expired film sold by Expiredfilmclub in the UK. The seller says no film will be the same, but I guess he has run out of stock, so well it is what it is! A friend who is studying over there will bring it back in August. The second set is bought via eBay and will be shipped to Cambodia in two weeks’ time, and I can’t wait to test them. The fact that they are “expired” will make things even more “awesome”. Film photography is uncertain, yet shooting with an expired negative film roll is even more unpredictable.

បានផ្សាយ​ក្នុង កំណត់សរសេរ តាម៉ាប់ | បានដាក់ពាក្យ​គន្លឹះ , , , , | បញ្ចេញមតិ

My tenth film roll

The article about this 10th film roll came after the article about the 11th film roll. Honestly, I was dumbstruck, not knowing what to write about, so I just let the flow of the second expired film, the 11th, appear first. This tenth roll is Kodak Pro Image 100. I have never used it before, yet I have a preference of a Kodak negatives over a Fujicolor one; it is just personal.

All of the photos shown here were taken by Yashica FX-3 Super2000 with a newly acquired lens: YUS (Yashica US) 135 mm f/2.8. With its narrow focal length, the lens can produce sharper portrait photo if the focus is dialled correctly (the correct distance from the camera body to the subject). I can also view a clearer depth of field on this lens then on the other one, YUS 28 mm f/2.8 which came with the camera when purchased.

Steve Job once said: “If you want to make everyone happy, don’t be a leader, sell ice cream!”. Well, you can agree to disagree, but a billionaire’s words is way louder than a commoner’s own sense.

Mobile meat and vegetable cart run mostly by women.

Detail of the tympanum of the pediment of my office building. I will start taking more (digital) photos of my working place before a must move out which will be put into action in less than 3 years from now.

The statue of the former king, Norodom Sihanouk, under his richly decorated traditional canopy which stands in front of one of the symbols of the country, his ultimate achievement, the Independence Monument!

Coincidentally, a decorated board, in front of the Royal Palace, also represents the same feat. It was the 68th anniversary of Cambodian Independence Day (2021). It shows him in his younger years (he was 32 at that time) and his achievement. Cambodia gained its Independence in November, 9th 1953. In the back, the renovation progress of the Chant Chhaya (Moon light) Pavilion and the Throne Hall.

The subject isn’t sharp enough, for sure the focus wasn’t dialled correctly, yet I love the timing, the pigeon was flying pass her head.

Flying high in the shade, even a pigeon looks like an eagle!

I have recently purchased 4 more rolls of Kodak Pro Image 100 as I have fallen in love with its lovely yellowish and clear-cut vibrant tone. I will use it intermittently, taking turn with different color negatives I have in stock (I think I have stocked about 8 or 9 rolls as of now).

បានផ្សាយ​ក្នុង កំណត់សរសេរ តាម៉ាប់ | បានដាក់ពាក្យ​គន្លឹះ , , , , | 1 មតិ

ឍាមរា បក្សីអាថ៌កំបាំង!

រឿង «ឍាមរា» នេះមិនមែនជា​រឿងថ្មីទេ។ មនុស្សមួយភាគធំដែលមាន​អាយុ​ខ្ទង់​ក្រោម​៤០​ឆ្នាំ​ប្រាកដ​ជា​ធ្លាប់ឃើញ ហើយ​ឆ្ងល់​ថា សត្វ​ហ្នឹង​រូប​រាងអញ្ចឹង​មែនឬយ៉ាងណា? តើ​វា​រស់​នៅ​ស្រុក​ខ្មែរ​ឬអត់? ឬក៏វាដាច់​ពូជា​ហើយ? ឯ​អ្នក​ដែល​កើត​មុន​ជំនាន់​ខ្មែរ​ក្រហម​ លើក​លែង​តែ​អ្នក​ដែល​ឧស្សាហ៍បើក​វចនានុក្រម​ប្រហែល​មិនដែល​ឃើញ​ពាក្យ​នេះ​ផង។ អត្ថបទ​អត់ «អាកាដេមិច» មួយ​នេះ ខ្ញុំនឹងព្យាយាម​បកស្រាយ​អំពី «ឍាមរា» តាមបែប​ «ប្រធាន​និយម» (subjective) ព្រោះវាជា​ការ​យល់​ឃើញ​របស់​ខ្ញុំ (បញ្ជាក់​ អ្នកអានអាច​មិន​យល់​ស្រប​បាន មិនបង្ខំទេ)! 😝

រូប​សត្វ​ «ឍាមរា» ដំបូង​បំផុត​ដែល​ខ្ញុំ​បាន​ឃើញ​គឺ​រូប​​មួយ​នៅ​ខាង​ឆ្វេង​ដៃ​នេះ​ឯង។ កាល​នោះ (ប្រហែល​ជា​ជាង២០​ឆ្នាំ​មុន) នរណាទៅ​ដឹង​ថាវាមិនមែន! ជឿទាំង​ស្រុង​ថាហ្នឹងគឺរូប «ឍាមរា» តែ​ក្រោយ​មក​ ខ្ញុំ​បាន​ឃើញ​អាន​អត្ថបទអំពី​សត្វ​ដែល​ដាច់​ពូជ​ ក៏​ប្រទះ​ឃើញ​បក្សី​មួយ​ប្រភេទឈ្មោះ «Dodo» កំណើត​នៅ​កោះ Mauritius ដែល​អ្នកស្រាវជ្រាវគេ​បាន​សិក្សា​លម្អិតទៅ​លើ​រូប​គំនូរ​ដំបូង​ៗ និង​គ្រោង​ឆ្អឹង​ដែល​គេផ្គុំ​ឡើង​វិញ​ផង (សូម​មើល​រូប​ខាង​ក្រោម)។ កំណត់ត្រា​ដំបូង​ៗ​អំពី​សត្វ​នេះ​លេច​ឡើង​នៅ​ឆ្នាំ​១៥៩៨ ដោយ​ពួកនាវិក ហើយប្រមាណមួយសតវត្សរ៍​ក្រោយ​មក​ សត្វ​នេះ​ក៏​ដាច់​ពូជ​អស់​ទៅ​ដោយ​សារ​វា​ជា​សត្វ​ស្លូត មិនចេះហោះ ហើយ​ក្លាយ​ជា​ចំណី​នៃពួកនាវិក និង​ប្រភេទសត្វ​ «នាំចូល​» ផ្សេងៗទៀតនៅទីកោះនោះ។ មិន​ដឹង​មូលហេតុអ្វី​ដែល​អ្នក​បោះពុម្ព​សៀវភៅ​សម្រាប់កុមារ និងអ្នក​បោះពុម្ព​តារាងអក្សរ​ខ្មែរ​ជ្រើស​រើស​ពាក្យ «ឍាមរា» នេះមក​តំណាងអក្សរ «ឍ» ហើយយក​រូប​សត្វ Dodo មកថាជា «ឍាមរា» នាំ​ឱ្យ​វឹង​ស៊ុង។ អូ៎! ចង់ថែម​រឿង​នេះ​មួយ ឃើញ​នៅហ្វេសប៊ុក មាន​អ្នកបកស្រាយ​អំពីសត្វ Dodo ហើយនិយាយថាខ្មែរហៅសត្វ​ហ្នឹងថា «ឍាមរា»។ ការ​បកស្រាយ​នោះ ជាការយល់ច្រឡំ​ដោយ​សារ​មើល​រូប​នៅ​ក្នុង​តារាង​នោះហើយ​យល់​ថា «ឍាមរា» គឺមានរូបបែប​នោះ​ឯង។ ខ្ញុំមិន​យល់​ស្រប​នឹង​ការបក​ស្រាយ​នោះ​​ដោយ៣ប្រការ៖ ក្នុង​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ​មិនដែល​មាន​ពាក្យផ្ដើម​ដោយ​អក្សរ​ «ឍ» នេះទេ (សូមអានទៅក្រោម)១ ខ្មែរ​មិនដែលស្គាល់កោះ (Mauritius) ហ្នឹងទេ២ គេមិនដែលប្រទះឃើញសត្វនេះនៅទីណា​ក្រៅពីទីកោះនោះឡើយតាមរយៈភស្តុតាងសំណល់ឆ្អឹង និងកំណត់ត្រានានាដែលមាន៣។


ត្រឹម​យក​រូប​សត្វ Dodo មួយ​មក​តំណាង​សត្វ «ឍាមរា» មិនគ្រប់គ្រាន់ អ្នកបោះពុម្ពតារាងអក្សរ​ខ្មែរក្រោយ​ៗ បែរជា​បែក​គំនិត​យក​រូប​ បក្សីអម្បូរ Cormorant (ខ្មែរ​ថា ក្អែក​ទឹក?) មកតំណាង «ឍាមរា» ម្ដង។ សូមបញ្ជាក់បន្តិចដែរថា បក្សីប្រភេទនេះអ្នកនេសាទនៅប្រទេសចិន ជប៉ុនជាដើម ធ្លាប់យកពួកវាមកប្រើឱ្យជួយនេសាទ (អាចមើលវីដេអូនៅចុងបំផុត)។ ដោយ​សារ​តែ​រូប​នេះ​ហើយ ទើប​មាន​ដល់​អ្នក​ផុស្ត៍​ (post) តាមហ្វេសប៊ុកថា «ទើបតែ​ឃើញឍាមរា» អីអញ្ចឹងជាដើម។

ប្រសិនបើ​ខ្ញុំ​បដិសេធរូបតំណាង​ដ៏ «ពេញនិយម​» ទាំង២​នេះហើយ តើ​ខ្ញុំ​មាន​រូប​អ្វី​យក​មក​ជំនួស​ទេ? ចម្លើយ​គឺ​ ខ្ញុំគ្មានទេ តែខ្ញុំ​មានតែ​យក​វចនានុក្រម​ខ្មែរ​មក​ធ្វើ​ជា «ឍាល» (ប្រែ​ថា ខែល) រង! វចនានុក្រម​ឱ្យ​និយមន័យ​ច្បាស់ហើយថាជា «ក្ងាន, ហង្ស»។ ដូច្នេះ​ប្រសិន​បើអ្នក​ទាំងអស់​គ្នាដែល​បាន​អាន​អត្ថបទ​នេះ​យល់​ស្រប​តាម​វចនានុក្រម​ (បញ្ជាក់ ខ្ញុំ​អត់មាន​​យក​វចនានុក្រម​មក​គម្រាម​ថា​ត្រូវ​តែ​ធ្វើ​តាម​នោះ​ទេ ពីព្រោះ​ពេល​ខ្លះ​ខ្ញុំ​ក៏​មិនស្រប​តាម​វចនានុក្រម​ដែរ) គួរ​តែ​គិត​ថា «ឍាម​រា» ហ្នឹង​ដូច​ «ក្ងាន» ឬ «ហង្ស​» ទៅ តែ​បញ្ហា​គឺ «ហង្ស​» ហ្នឹង​តែ​ម្ដង ព្រោះក៏​មិន​ដែល​ឃើញ​ដែរ បើមើល​តាម​គំនូរ​ ឬ​ចម្លាក់ គេ​បែរ​ជាពន្យល់ថាជាសត្វនៅឋានសួគ៌​ឯណោះ។ ផ្ទុយ​ទៅ​វិញ «ហង្ស» (ពាក្យកម្ចីសំស្ក្រឹត) បើបើក​វចនានុក្រម​ៗ (ទំព័រ.១៥០៥) ឱ្យ​ន័យថាជា៖ ក្ងានព្រៃ។ ប្រសិនបើ​យើង​មើល​រូប​គំនូរ​នៅឥណ្ឌា (ដែលជាម្ចាស់ពាក្យ ហង្ស) គឺគេគូរជារូបសត្វស្រដៀង​សត្វក្ងាន ឬ flamingo ផង​ក៏ថា​បាន (ខ្ញុំ​មិន​ហ៊ាន​ថាឱ្យ​១០០% នោះទេ តែសុំពិនិត្យរូបខាងក្រោម​ចុះ) ដែលជាជំនិះនៃព្រះព្រហ្ម និងនាងសរស្វរតី ជាមហេសី។

សរុបសេចក្ដីបែប​អត្តនោម័ត យើងបាន៖ ឍាមរា = ក្ងាន = ហង្ស = ក្ងានព្រៃ។

ចំពោះរូបពីរ​សន្លឹក​ចុងក្រោយនេះ​បង្ហាញពី​ពាក្យ​ទាំង​អស់​ដែល​ផ្ដើម​ឡើង​ដោយ​អក្សរ​ «ឍ» ដែល​វចនានុក្រម​ (ទំព័រ.៣២៧) បញ្ជាក់ថា៖ «ក្នុង​ភាសា​ខ្មែរមិនមានប្រើ​សោះឡើយ តែ​ក្នុង​ទី​នេះ​យើង​យក​ភាសា​​សំស្ក្រឹត​៤​ពាក្យ​​មក​​រៀបរៀង […] កុំឱ្យ​ទទេសោះ» និងពាក្យ «ឍាលិន» (ស្រង់​ពីតារាង​អក្សរ​បោះពុម្ព​ដោយ​ រៃយំ) ដែលប្រែថា៖ «អ្នក​កាន់ខែល» ដែល​យើងប្រហែល​ជា​អាច​យក​មកប្រើ​ជា​តំណាងជំនួសពាក្យ «ឍាមរា» ដែលមិនមានរូបតំណាងឱ្យច្បាស់លាស់។

តារាង​អក្សរ​បោះពុម្ព​ដោយ​រៃយំ (រូបភាពពី ល. ព្រាប​ ចាន់ម៉ារ៉ា)៖

វីដេអូអំពីការនេសាទត្រីដោយប្រើបក្សី Cormorant៖


បានផ្សាយ​ក្នុង ពត៌​មាន​ប្លែក​ៗ ផ្សាយ​យូរៗ​ម្តង, អត្ថបទ ​តបចំពោះ​ការ​ស្វែង​រក, អត្ថបទ រិះគន់​ស្ថាបនា, អាណាចក្រ​សត្វ​នៅ​លើ​លោក | បានដាក់ពាក្យ​គន្លឹះ , , , , , | បញ្ចេញមតិ

My eleventh film roll

This is the second time I used an expired negatives. The first one was Fujicolor Superia 200 which was great! This second expired one, Mitsubishi (it is not a CAR!), doesn’t produce good photos though. They are kind of pinky and un-sharp even when I shot in broad daylight (ISO is only 25 because of the expiration) and focused to infinity. By the way, it is what film photography is about, you will never know until you have them developed. The uncertainty is the excitement!

Here are seven photos which I choose over 26 exposures I have produced. This roll is only 24 exposures not the standard 36.

A local market on Koh Oknha Tey, an island northeast of Phnom Penh.

A small bridge in front of Wat Svay Chrum, east bank of Phnom Penh.

A colonial house turned art gallery at the corner of street 178 and 19. Available space is rented out to various small coffee stalls and shops. Oh! The house is not occupied by a sole owner as it is divided into various sections and openings and walls.

Just a random building with its makeshift zinc roof and the trademark intertwined electricity wires which run not very high from the ground.

“Selling bay-sey and banana”. This photo was taken 2 days before Khmer New Year which was on 14th, April. Bay-sey is a ritual tool used during several ceremonies. It is made of a piece of banana trunk which is used a base. Many rolls of banna leaves which rise to many levels are put upright on the base. (I am trying to explain this as much as I am able to, but if you wanna know more, please type បាយសី in Google).

An alley between buildings. The Old Phnom Penh hides many many architectural magnificences which are disappearing and transforming day by day.

Self-timer at a favourite café in the centre of Phnom Penh where you can find me most of the mornings,  just in case you want to catch up for a cup of coffee. My film camera comes with a self-timer lever which delays the click for 10 seconds so that I can pose (like this).

បានផ្សាយ​ក្នុង កំណត់សរសេរ តាម៉ាប់ | បានដាក់ពាក្យ​គន្លឹះ , , , , | 1 មតិ