ពុទ្ធបដិមា​ខ្មែរមុនសម័យអង្គរ (២)


រូបទាំង​នេះយកមកពី​សៀវភៅកាតាឡុកពិព័ណ៌​ Lost Kingdom នៅសារមន្ទីរ Metropolitan​ Museum of Art សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិចកាល​ពីឆ្នាំ​២០១៤។ ខ្ញុំយក​តែ​រូប​ដែល​អ្នក​រៀបចំពិពណ៌​អះអាង​ថា​ជា​ប្រតិមា​ខ្មែរ​​មក​បង្ហាញ​តែ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ៖

This elegant head fits well into a small group of works from southern Cambodia. The proportions and the restrained modeling point to Buddhist art of the late Amaravati school of Andhra Pradesh as their genesis. The treatment of the hair curls, low wisdom topknot (usnisa), and forehead mark (urna) are in keeping with the Amaravati practice of depicting the auspicious marks of Buddhahood (laksana).

Discovered at Wat Romlok, Angkor Borei District, Takeo Province, Cambodia. Transferred on 5th February 1923 to the National Museum of Cambodia.

This head of the Buddha signals the processes of reception and acculturation of Indian styles of religious imagery into Southeast Asia. It may be assigned to the earliest known period of Buddhist art production in the Funan territories. The styling follows southern India models, specifically the Amaravati-style of Andhra Pradesh. The pronounced hair curls and the subtle modulation of the upper eyelid follow Indian conventions, evoking introspection and detachment, as does the sweet countenance.

Possibly found in Mekong delta; acquired in 1923 by the Louvre. Given to the Musée Guimet in 1932.

This over-life-size head of the Buddha is a testament to the grandeur of the monumental sculptural tradition in the Zhenla kingdom. It was carved from a sandstone characteristic of southern Cambodia, which is consistent with its stylistic assignment to Angkor Borei or a related site. The Buddha has a strong, broad face; lightly modeled eyelids and pupils; and full lips that turn up at the corners in a hint of a smile. The hair curls, like those of other Buddhas of this period and region, are large and flat—a memory of the southern Indian style favored in the early period of contact.

Doris Wiener , New York (by 1995; given to MMA) [Doris Wiener, New York, by 1984–2005]

The simplicity and beauty of this standing Buddha attest to the skill of seventh-century bronze casters in ancient Cambodia. The Buddha wears simple monastic robes unadorned with the rhythmic folds or pleats seen in the so-called export bronzes from Sri Lanka. This bronze was recovered near Angkor Borei and Phnom Da, major centers of mid-first-millennium Khmer culture. While it has some affinities with Mon Buddha imagery of neighboring Thailand, it is more closely related aesthetically to Angkor Borei stone sculpture.

Discovered at Sangkat Da, Kampong Leng district, Kampong Chhnang province, Cambodia. Year unknown.

Early in the seventh century a new Buddha type appeared in Southeast Asia, inspired by innovations that were taking place in northern India. The wellspring was the important monastic school at Sarnath. Its workshops undoubtedly supplied Buddha images to a great variety of clients, including pilgrim-monks who would have purchased small images—often, one may surmise, made of wood—easily transportable to their homelands. This Buddha, slender and ethereal, is a superb example of the early acceptance of the northern Indian model of ideal Buddhahood, seen in the increasingly detached and otherworldly expression and the use of body-defining drapery.

About តា ម៉ាប់

ខ្មែរ​ម្នាក់​ដែល​រស់​ដើម្បី​ខ្មែរ ! A young Khmer with big ambition for his motherland!
អត្ថបទនេះត្រូវបាន​ផ្សាយក្នុង ទេពកថា, ទេពកថាពុទ្ធសាសនា, អត្ថបទ វប្បធម៌ និង អរិយធម៌, អត្ថបទ​ បុរាណ​វិទ្យា។ ប៊ុកម៉ាក តំណភ្ជាប់​អចិន្ត្រៃ​យ៍​

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